Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common affliction, although certain factors can increase your risk of being affected by it.
- Excess weight greatly increases the risk of developing apnea. Fat deposits in your airway can obstruct breathing and contribute.
- Large neck circumference might create narrower airways and apnea.
- A narrowed airway can be a genetic trait from enlarged tonsils or adenoids also can enlarge and block the airway.
- Men are twice as likely to develop sleep apnea than women. However, women increase their risk if they’re overweight, or after menopause.
- Age can contribute to sleep apnea significantly more often in older adults.
- Family members with sleep apnea might increase your risk.
- Alcohol, sedatives or tranquilizers relax the muscles in your throat, which can increase obstructive sleep apnea.
- Smokers are three times more likely to have sleep apnea than people who’ve never smoked due to inflammation in the upper airway.
- Nasal congestion and difficulty breathing through your nose is likely to contribute to obstructive sleep apnea.
- Medical conditions. Congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease are some of the conditions that may increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
Risk factors for Central Sleep Apnea (CSA)
- Age factors, such as middle-aged and older people, have a higher risk of central sleep apnea.
- Gendercontributes to central sleep apnea is more common in men than it is in women.
- Heart disorders increase the risk of developing CSA
- Using narcotic pain medications, such as opioids, especially long-acting ones such as methadone, increase the risk of CSA.
- Stroke increases your risk of central sleep apnea or treatment-emergent central sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea is a serious medical condition and can create dangerous complications.
- Daytime fatigue is associated with sleep apnea and it makes normal, restorative sleep impossible and increasing severe daytime drowsiness.
- High blood pressure or heart problems. The rapid drops in blood oxygen that occur during sleep apnea can increase blood pressure and put a strain on the heart.
- Type 2 diabetes. Having sleep apnea increases your risk of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
- Metabolic syndrome is a disorder that includes high blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar, can result from sleep apnea.
- Complications with surgery are concerns, as people with sleep apnea might be more likely to have complications after major surgery because they’re prone to breathing problems.
- Liver problems can see abnormal results on liver function tests, and their livers can show scarring from sleep apnea.
- Sleep-deprived partners can have to go to another room, or even to another floor of the house, to be able to sleep if their partner has apnea.